Glossary Of Terms - K

Ketone Kidney

Ketone means any of a class of compounds with the general formula R'COR, where R' and R are usually alkyl or aryl groups. See also acetone; and ketone under organic chemistry.

Kidney. The body has two kidneys, one each side at about waist level. They produce erythropoietin, which is a hormone needed for red blood cell production. Patients with kidney failure lack this hormone and become anaemic.


This information was created and edited by Richard Maddison for the BCPA.
Copyright © 1997-2017 The British Cardiac Patients Association, and/or Richard Maddison.
BCPA Head Office: 15 Abbey Road, Bingham, Nottingham NG13 8EE
Reg Charity 289190. Email:

First published in this form 2002, and updated 2005, 2007, 2008, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2017.
All rights reserved. No part of this work may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted, in any form or by any means, without written permission from the BCPA Head Office.

We give permission for copies to be stored and made within the BCPA and any UK hospital; and these hospitals may give printed but not electronic copies to patients provided the source and copyright is acknowledged on the copies - eg include the page footer.

Authors, sources and acknowledgements

The main sources are BCPA Journal published articles, other information from authors, and publicly available documents and websites. In many cases the journal articles give sources and further information than the Glossary entries.

Parts of the wordings under ECG and Echocardiogram are adapted with permission from BUPA's health information resources, available at

We hope we have thanked everyone.

Richard Maddison

Top A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V WXYZ Copyright